Why is Jan 1 the New Year?

Why is Jan 1 the New Year?
Why is Jan 1 the New Year?

Many people celebrate the new year on January 1. But do you know why? It is not because of nature or science. It is because of history and culture.

New year

The new year date comes from an old Roman calendar. The Romans had a god named Janus. He had two faces. One face looked at the past and one face looked at the future. The Romans named the primary month of the year after Janus. They also chose January 1 as the start of the new year. They thought it was a good time to begin something new.

Roman calendar

But not everyone followed the Roman calendar. Some people used different dates for the new year. For example, some people used March 25 or December 25. These dates were related to Christian holidays. Other people used dates based on the seasons or the moon.

In the 1500s, a new calendar was made by Pope Gregory XIII. He wanted to fix some problems with the old Roman calendar. He also wanted to bring back January 1 as the new year date. He called his calendar the Gregorian calendar. Many countries adopted this calendar. But some countries did not. They used their own calendars or traditions.

Gregorian calendar

Today, most countries use the Gregorian calendar. But some countries also celebrate the new year on other dates. For example, China has a lunar new year in late January or early February. India has different new year dates for different regions and religions.

So, there is no one right answer to why January 1 is the new year. It depends on where you live and what you believe. But no matter when you celebrate, the new year is a time to remember the past and look forward to the future. Happy New Year!

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